Primary Sources

Bristol City Museum: Miller and various other collectors and players in that local Institution. Copies of archival material from many other collections including Bristol Reference Library and Bristol Record Office.

British Geological Survey (BGS): material relating to the progress of the survey, miscellaneous collectors and the Museums of Economic and Practical Geology. Also museum registers, specimens, maps and so on.

Fitzwilliam Museum: Cumberland correspondence.

Geological Society of London (GSL): papers relating to the early years of the society, together with correspondence.

Kingston upon Hull Record Office (HRO): some minutes and correspondence of Hull Literary and Philosophical Society (HL&PS). 

Hugh Torrens papers (HST): letters to Gibbs, research papers.

National Museum of Wales (NMW): correspondence to Henry De la Beche.

Northamptonshire Record Office (NRO): Fitzwilliam Papers. 

North Yorkshire Record Office (NYRO): Simpson papers and materials relating to Whitby Literary and Philosophical Society (WL&PS).

Oxford University Museum of Natural History (OUM): Phillips and Smith correspondence, notebooks, diaries and other papers.

Scarborough Local Studies Library: Scarborough Literary and Philosophical Society (SL&PS) minutes of council, Williamson diaries. 

Scarborough Rotunda: some Phillips and Williamson papers.

Sheffield Public Library (SPL): Wentworth Woodhouse Monuments.

Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand: Mantell papers.

University of Cambridge Department of Archives and Manuscripts (UCAM): papers relating to Sedgwick Museum collections.       

Yale University Library, USA: Mantell to Silliman correspondence, Silliman family papers, manuscripts and archives.

Yorkshire Philosophical Society (YPS): minutes, papers, correspondence relating to the society.

Yorkshire Museum: labels, registers and specimens.

Wakefield Local Studies Library: some reports relating to Wakefield Literary and Philosophical Society and Museum

Whitby Museum: Whitby Literary and Philosophical Society (WL&PS): Ripley diary, Young letters and other materials.

Published Sources


ANH               Archives of Natural History

AS                   Annals of Science

BJHS              British Journal for the History of Science

BMNH           Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Historical Series

DNB               Dictionary of National Biography

EJS                 Edinburgh Journal of Science

HS                   History of Science

ILN                 Illustrated London News

JSBNH           Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History

MNH              Magazine of Natural History

NGCG            Newsletter of the Geological Curators’ Group

PM                  Philosophical Magazine

PTRSL           Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London

PYGS              Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society

QJGS              Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London

RBAAS           Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science

TGS                Transactions of the Geological Society of London

WM                 Whitby Magazine

WP                  Whitby Panorama

WR                  Whitby Repository

Alborn, Timothy L. 1996. ‘The business of induction: industry and genius in the language of British scientific reform, 1820-1840’, HS34, 91-121.

A Leeds Man. 1868. Memoirs of Eminent Men of Leeds, Berger, London.

Allen, David Elliston. 1976. The Naturalist in Britain: A Social History, Penguin, London.

Allen, David Elliston. 1976. The Naturalist in Britain: A Social History, Penguin, London..     1985. ‘The early professionals in British natural history’, in Wheeler, A. and Price, J.H. (eds), From Linnaeus to Darwin: Commentaries on the History of Biology and Geology, Society for the History of Natural History, London, 1-11.

Allen, David Elliston. 1976. The Naturalist in Britain: A Social History, Penguin, London..     1987. ‘The natural history society in Britain through the years’, ANH14(3), 243-259.

Allen, David Elliston. 1976. The Naturalist in Britain: A Social History, Penguin, London..     1993. ‘Natural history in Britain in the eighteenth century’, ANH20(3), 333-347.

Allen, David Elliston. 1976. The Naturalist in Britain: A Social History, Penguin, London..     1997. ‘The lost limb: geology and natural history’, in Jordanova and Porter, op. cit., 203-14.

Allison Keith J. (ed.) 1984. Victoria County History of England: The History of the County of York: East Riding 5, Institute of Historical Research, Oxford. 

Altick, Richard D. 1973. Victorian People and Ideas, Norton, New York.

Altick, Richard D.     1978. The Shows of London, Belknap Press, London.

Anon. 1821. ‘Fossil elk’, PM58, 150.

Anon.     1822a. ‘Royal Society’, PM60, 459-463.

Anon.     1822b. ‘Fossil remains’, PM60, 154.

Anon.     1824a. ‘Discovery of fossil bones at Banwell’, PM64, 389-90.

Anon.     1824b. ‘Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society’, EJS1(1), 177.

Anon.     1825a. ‘Fossil Crocodile’, WR1, 29.

Anon.     1825b. ‘Report of meeting of Whitby Literary and Philosophical Society’, WR1(3), 19.

Anon.     1827a. ‘Fifth anniversary meeting of Whitby Literary and Philosophical Society’, WM1, 347.

Anon.     1827b. ‘Discovery of fossil hyaenas in Kent’, PM2, 73-4.

Anon.    1827c. ‘A new Kirkdale Cave’, WP1, 223-4.

Anon.    1827d. ‘Whitby Museum’, WP1, 251-2.

Anon.    1827e. ‘Whitby Literary and Philosophical Society’, WM1, 320.

Anon.    1827f. ‘Whitby Literary and Philosophical Society’, WM1, 254.

Anon.    1827g. [Gristhorpe plants], Gentlemans Magazine, November, 449.

Anon.    1828a. ‘Scarborough Museum’, WP2, 126.

Anon.    1828b. ‘Natural history in London: British Museum’, MNH1, 181-4.

Anon.    1829. ‘Scarborough Museum’, MNH2, 474-7.

Anon.    1830. ‘Yorkshire Philosophical Society’, MNH3, 437-8.

Anon.    1831. ‘Memoir of the late J.S. Miller, A.L.S. Curator of the Museum of the Bristol Philosophical Institution’, PM9, 4-7.

Anon.    1836. ‘Bristol Museum & Philosophical Society’, MNH9, 554-9.

Anon.    1838. ‘Fossil remains’, The Times, 2 August, 3e.

Anon.    1839a. ‘Extracts from the Proceedings of the Geological Society of London, relating to the supposed mammiferous remains of the Stonesfield Oolitic strata (1838)’, MNH  (new series), 3, 201-13.

Anon.    1839b. ‘Interesting geological discovery’, The Times, 13 April, 3c.

Anon.    1841. ‘Fossils’, The Times, 13 October, 6d.

Anon.    1842a. ‘Fossil remains’, The Times, 15 April, 6a.

Anon.    1842b. ‘A fossil elk’, The Times, 26 September, 6e.

Anon.    1846. ‘Fossils in railway cuttings’, The Times, 26 November, 8b.

Anon.    1849. ‘Plesiosaurus found near Whitby’, ILN, 26 May, 367.

Anon.    1851a. ‘The Museum of Practical Geology’, The Times, 13 May, 8b.

Anon.    1851b. ‘Museum of Practical Geology’, Morning Post, 13 May.

Anon.    1851c. ‘Museum of Practical Geology’, Morning Herald, 13 May.

Anon.    1851d. ‘Museum of Practical Geology’, The Daily News, 13 May.

Anon.    1851e. ‘Museum of Practical Geology’, Plymouth and Devonport Weekly Journal, 19 June.

Anon.    1852. A Guide for Strangers and Visitors through the City of York, Sotheran, York.

Anon.    1856. ‘The great Ichthyosaurus at Whitby’, The Times, 25 May, 12e and 15 November.

Anon.    1869. ‘The centenary of Wm. Smith’s birth’, Geological Magazine6, 356-9.

Anon.    1870. ‘Eminent living geologists: John Phillips’, Geological Magazine7, 310-16.

Anon.    1871. ‘Natural history museums’, Nature3, 381-2.

Anon.    1874a. Prof. John Phillips, The Athenaeum2427, 2 May, 597-8.

Anon.    1874b. John Phillips, Nature, 30 April, 510-15.

Anon.     1896a. ‘The Palaeontographical Society of London’, Geological Magazine  (Decade 4), 3, 385-8.

Ariès, Philippe. 1985. Images of Man and Death (trans. Janet Lloyd), Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Arkell, William J. 1933. The Jurassic System in Great Britain, Clarendon, Oxford.

Arscott, Caroline. 1988. ‘“Without distinction of party”: the Polytechnic Exhibitions in Leeds 1839-45’, in Wolff and Seed, (eds), op. cit., 135‑58.

Arscott, Caroline, Pollock, Griselda and Wolff, Janet. 1988. ‘The partial view: the visual representation of the early nineteenth-century city’, ibid., 191-233.

B. 1828b. ‘Observations on the causes that have retarded the progress of natural history in this country, and on the defective state of our public museums’, MNH1(1), 14-17.

B., J.E. 1828a. ‘Some remarks on natural history as a means of education’, MNH, 1(1), 10-14.

Bailey, Edward B. 1952. Geological Survey of Great Britain, Murby, London.

Baines, Edward. 1823. Baines’s Yorkshire, Baines, Leeds (reprint 1969, Kelley, New York).

Baines, Thomas. 1871. Yorkshire Past and Present, Volume 3, MacKenzie, London.

Baker, Joseph Brogden. 1882. The History of Scarborough, Longmans, Green, London.

Bakewell, Robert. 1830. ‘A visit to the Mantellian Museum at Lewes’, MNH3, 9-17.

Barber, Lynn. 1980. The Heyday of Natural History 1820-1870, Doubleday, New York.

Barnet, Margaret C. 1972. ‘James Atkinson – Surgeon 1759-1839’, Yorkshire Philosophical Society Annual Report for 1971, 48-9.

Barrett, Paul H., Gautrey, P.J. and Herbert, S. 1987. Charles Darwin’s Notebooks 1836-1844, British Museum (Natural History) /Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Bean, William. 1835. ‘A short account of an interesting deposit of fossil shells at Burlington [a.k.a. Bridlington] Quay’, MNH8, 355.

Bean, William.    1839. ‘A catalogue of the fossils found in the Cornbrash Limestone of Scarborough: with figures and descriptions of some of the undescribed species’, MNH (new series), 3, 57-62.

Bebb, Prudence. 1992. Life in Regency York: 1811-1820, Sessions, York.

Benton, Michael  J. and Taylor, Michael A. 1984. ‘Marine reptiles from the Upper Lias (Lower Toarcian, Lower Jurassic) of the Yorkshire coast’, PYGS44, 399-429.

Berman, Morris. 1972. ‘The early years of the Royal Institution, 1799-1810: a re-evaluation’, Science Studies2, 205-40.

Berman, Morris.    1974. ‘“Hegemony” and the amateur tradition in British science’, Journal of Social History8, 30-50.              

Berman, Morris.     1978. Social Change and Scientific Organization: The Royal Institution 1799-1844, London.

Blainville, Marie Henri D. de. 1839a. ‘Doubts respecting the class, family, and genus to which the fossil bones found at Stonesfield, and designated by the names of Didelphis Prevostii and Did. Bucklandi, should be referred’, MNH (new series), 2, 639-54.

Blainville, Marie Henri D. de. 1839b. ‘New doubts relating to the supposed Didelphis of Stonesfield’, MNH (new series), 3, 49-57.

Blake, John F. 1874. ‘Additional remains of Pleistocene mammals in Yorkshire’, RBAAS for 1873, 75.

Boase, Frederic. 1892. Modern English Biography, Netherton and Worth, London.

Bourdier, F. 1969. ‘Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire versus Cuvier: the campaign for paleontological evolution (1825-1838)’, in Schneer, C.J. (ed.), op. cit., 36-61.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1977. Outline of a Theory of Practice, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Bourne, J.M. 1986. Patronage and Society in Nineteenth Century England, Arnold, London.

Bowen, J. 1854. A Brief Memoir of the Life and Character of William Baker, FGS, May, Taunton; Longman, London.

Bowerbank, James Scott. 1840a, A History of the Fossil Fruits and Seeds of the London Clay, John Van Voorst, London. 

Bowerbank, James Scott. 1840b. ‘Letter to the editor [on collecting fossils from the London Clay of the Isle of Sheppey]’, MNH(new series), 4, 205-6. 

Boylan, Patrick J. 1972. ‘The scientific significance of the Kirkdale Cave hyaenas’, Yorkshire Philosophical Society Annual Report for 1971, 38‑47. 

Boylan, Patrick J.    1981. ‘A revision of the Pleistocene mammalian fauna of Kirkdale Cave’, PYGS43, 253-80. 

Boyne, William. 1869. The Yorkshire Library, a Bibliographical Account, Leslie, Hull (1974 reprint). 

Brears, Peter and Davies, Stuart. 1989. Treasures for the People, Yorkshire and Humberside Museum Council, Leeds. 

Bridson, G.D.R., Phillips, V.C. and Harvey, A.P. 1980. Natural History Manuscript Resources in the British Isles, Mansell, London. 

Briggs, Asa. 1968. Victorian Cities, Penguin, London.                                      

British Museum. 1904. The History of the Collections contained in the Natural History Departments of the British Museum, Volume 1, Trustees of the British Museum, London.

Broderip, William J. 1828. ‘Observations on the jaw of a fossil mammiferous animal, found in the Stonesfield Slate’, Zoological Journal3, 408-12.

Brongniart, Alexandre. 1819. ‘Concerning the method of collecting, labelling, and transmitting specimens of fossil organized bodies, and of the accompanying rocks’, American Journal of Science1, 71-4.

Brooke, John Hedley. 1997. ‘The natural theology of the geologists: some theological strata’, in Jordanova and Porter, op. cit., 53-74.

Browne, Horace B. 1946. Chapters in Whitby History 1823-1946, Brown, Hull.

Browne, Horace B.    1949. The Story of Whitby Museum, Whitby Literary and Philosophical Society, Whitby.

Browne, Janet. 1983. The Secular Ark: Studies in the History of Biogeography, Yale, New Haven.

Buckland, William. 1820. Vindiciae Geologicae or The Connexion of Geology with Religion Explained.

Buckland, William.    1821. ‘Instructions for conducting geological investigations and collecting specimens’, American Journal of Science3, 249-51.

Buckland, William.    1822. ‘An account of an assemblage of fossil teeth and bones discovered in a cave at Kirkdale’, PTRSL122, 171-236.

Buckland, William.    1823. Reliquiae Diluvianae, Murray, London.

Buckland, William.    1824. ‘Notice on the Megalosaurus or great fossil lizard of Stonesfield’, TGS (2nd series), 1(2), 390-6.

Buckland, William.    1837. Geology and Mineralogy Considered with Reference to Natural Theology, Bridgewater Treatise, Pickering, London.

Bulwer-Lytton, Edward. 1830. England and the English, Irish University Press, Shannon (2 volumes, facsimile reprint 1970).

Bunbury, Charles J.F. 1851. ‘On some fossil plants from the Jurassic strata of the Yorkshire coast’, QJGS7, 179-94.

Burkhardt, Frederick. and Smith, S. 1986. The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Volume 2, 1837-1843, Cambridge University, Cambridge.

Butcher, Norman E., 1983. ‘The advent of colour-printed geological maps in Britain’, Proc. Royal Institution of Great Britain53, 149-61.

Butler, Eliza M. 1929. The Tempestuous Prince: Herman Pückler-Muskau, Longmans, Green, London.

Cadée, G.C. 1991. ‘The history of taphonomy’, in Donovan, S.K. (ed.), The Processes of Fossilization, Belhaven, London, 3-21.

Callon, Michel. 1986. ‘Some elements of a sociology of translation: domestication of the scallops and the fishermen of St Brieuc Bay’ in Law, John (ed.), Power, Action and Belief: A New Sociology of Knowledge?, Sociological Review Monograph 32, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 196-230.

Cannadine, David. 1980. Lords and Landlords: the Aristocracy and the Towns 1774-1967, Leicester University Press, Leicester.

Cannon, Susan F. 1978. Science in Culture: the Early Victorian Period, Dawson and Science History Publications, New York.

Cavanagh, Terry. 1997. Public Sculpture of Liverpool, Liverpool University Press, Liverpool.

Challinor, John. 1948. ‘The beginnings of scientific palaeontology in Britain’, AS6, 46-53.

Challinor, John.    1964-1965. ‘Some correspondence of Thomas Webster, geologist I‑VI (1773-1844)’, AS17, 175-95; 18, 147-75; 19, 49-79, 285-97; 20, 59‑80, 143-63.

Challinor, John.    1970. ‘The progress of British geology during the early part of the nineteenth century’, AS26, 177-234.

Challinor, John.    1971. The History of Geology: A Bibliographical Study, David and Charles, Newton Abbot.

Chapman, William and Wooller, J. 1758. ‘Fossil skeleton found near Whitby’, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond.50, 688-91, 786-90.

Charlesworth, Edward. 1835. ‘On the Crag-formation and its organic remains’, PM7, 81-94.

Charlesworth, Edward.    1837. ‘On the fallacies involved in Mr Lyell’s classification of Tertiary deposits according to the proportionate number of recent species of Mollusca they contain’,  RBAAS for 1836, 86.

Charlesworth, Edward.    1839. ‘Editorial remarks’, MNH (new series), 3, 253-4.

Charlesworth, Edward.    1844. ‘Notice of the discovery of a large specimen of Plesiosaurus found at Kettleness, on the Yorkshire coast’, RBAAS for 1843, 49-50.

Charlesworth, Edward.    1847. ‘Curious facts in the history of extinct Irish deer’, London Geological Journal1, 87-95.

Clark, John Willis and Hughes, Thomas McKenny. 1890. The Life and Letters of the Reverend Adam Sedgwick, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2 volumes.

Cleevely, Ronald J. 1974. ‘The Sowerbys, the Mineral Conchology, and their fossil collection’, JSBNH6, 418-81.

Cleevely, Ronald J.    1983. World Palaeontological Collections, British Museum (Natural History)/Mansell, London.

Cleevely, Ronald J. and Chapman, S.D. 1992. ‘The accumulation and disposal of Gideon Mantell’s fossil collections and their role in the history of British palaeontology’, ANH19, 289-303.

Cole, John. 1826. Memoirs of the Life, Writings, and Character of the Late Thomas Hinderwell Esq., Cole, London and Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, London.

Collinge, W.E. 1925. ‘John Phillips’, Yorkshire Philosophical Society Annual Report for 1924, 37-46.

Compton, William Bingham. 1930. History of the Comptons of Compton Wynyates, Lane, London.

Conybeare, William Daniel. 1822. ‘Additional notices on the fossil genera Ichthyosaurus and Plesiosaurus’, TGS (2nd series), 1(1), 103-23.

Conybeare, William Daniel.    1824. ‘On the discovery of an almost perfect skeleton of the Plesiosaurus’, TGS (2nd series), 1(2), 381-9.

Conybeare, William Daniel.    1825. ‘On the discovery of an almost perfect skeleton of the Plesiosaurus’, PM65, 412-21.

Conybeare, William Daniel and Phillips, William. 1822. Outlines of the Geology of England and Wales, Phillips, London.

Cooter, Roger. 1984. The Cultural Meaning of Popular Science: Phrenology and the Organisation of Consent in Nineteenth-Century Britain, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Corbin, Alain. 1990. ‘Backstage’, in Perrot, Michelle, (ed.), A History of Private Life: 4. From the Fires of Revolution to the Great War, Belknap, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 451-668.

Cox, L.R. 1942. ‘New light on William Smith and his work’, PYGS25, 1-99.

Credland, Arthur G. 1978. ‘Wallis of Hull’, Journal of the Arms and Armour Society9(4), 133-81.

Credland, Arthur G.    1991. ‘The Wallis Museum, its inspiration and contemporaries’, in Hall, Ivan and Elizabeth (eds), Burton Constable Hall: A Century of Patronage, Hull City Museums/Hutton, Hull. 

Creese, M.R.S. and Creese, T.M. 1994. ‘British women who contributed to research in the geological sciences in the nineteenth century’, BJHS,  27, 23-54.

Cross, John E. 1875. ‘The geology of north-west Lincolnshire’, QJGS31, 115-29.

Curl, James Stevens. 1972. The Victorian Celebration of Death, David and Charles, Newton Abbot.

Cumberland, George. 1829. ‘Some account of the order in which the fossil saurians were discovered’, Quarterly Journal of Literature, Science and Arts27, 345-9.

Cumming, D.A. 1985. ‘John MacCulloch, blackguard, thief and high priest, reassessed’, in Wheeler, A. and Price, J.H. (eds), From Linnaeus to Darwin: Commentaries on the History of Biology and Geology, Society for the History of Natural History, London, 77-88.

Curwen, E. Cecil. 1940. The Journal of Gideon Mantell, Oxford University, London.

Davis, A.G. 1936. ‘The London Clay of the Isle of Sheppey and the location of its fossils’, Proceedings of the Geologists Association, 47, 328-345.

Davis, J.W. 1889. History of the Yorkshire Geological and Polytechnic Society 1837-1887, Whitley and Booth, Halifax.

Davy, J. 1840. The Collected Works of Sir Humphry Davy, Bart., Volume 3, Smith, Elder and Co., London.

Dawkins, William Boyd. 1866. ‘On the Pleistocene mammals of Yorkshire’, PYGS4, 502-12.

Dean, Dennis R. 1981. ‘“Through science to despair”: geology and the Victorians’, in Paradis, James and Postlewait, Thomas, Victorian Science and Victorian Values, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences360, 111-36.

Dean, Dennis R.    1985. Tennyson and Geology, Tennyson Society, Lincoln.

Dean, Dennis R.    1999. Gideon Mantell and the Discovery of Dinosaurs, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Defoe, Daniel. 1759. A Tour through the Whole Island of Great Britain, 7th edition (ed. Richardson, S.), Dent, London.

De Boer, G., Neale, J.W. and Penny, L.F. 1958. ‘A guide to the geology of the area between Market Weighton and the Humber’, PYGS31, 157-209.

De la Beche, Henry Thomas. 1830. ‘Notes on the geographical distribution of organic remains contained in the oolitic series of the Great London and Paris Basin, and in the same series of the South of France’, PM7, 81-95, 250-68, 334-51ff.

De la Beche, Henry Thomas.    1839. Report on the Geology of Cornwall, Devon and West Somerset, London.

De la Beche, Henry Thomas.    1846. On the formation of the rocks of South Wales and South Western England. Mem. Geol. Surv. G.B., 1, 1-296.

De la Beche, Henry Thomas.    1848. Anniversary Address, QJGS4, xxv-cxx.

De la Beche, Henry Thomas and Conybeare, William Daniel. 1821. ‘Notice of the discovery of a new fossil animal forming a link between the Ichthyosaurus and crocodile, together with general remarks on the osteology of the Ichthyosaurus’, TGS,  5(2), 558-94.

Delair, Justin B. 1979. ‘Smart Lethieullier 1701-1760’, NGCG2, 331-2.

Delair, Justin B. and Sarjeant, William A.S. 1976. ‘Joseph Pentland – a forgotten pioneer in the osteology of fossil marine reptiles’, Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society97, 12-6.

Desmond, Adrian. 1982. Archetypes and Ancestors:  Palaeontology in Victorian London 1850-1875, Blond and Briggs, London.

Desmond, Adrian.    1989. The Politics of Evolution: Morphology, Medicine and Reform in Radical London, University of Chicago, Chicago.

Desmond, Adrian and Moore, James. 1991. Darwin, Penguin, London.

Desmond, Ray. 1994. Dictionary of British and Irish Botanists and Horticulturalists, Taylor and Francis/Natural History Museum, London.

Dobson, Jessie. 1954. William Clift, Heinemann, London.

Donovan, Desmond T. and Crane, M.D. 1992. ‘The type material of the Jurassic cephalopod Belemnoteuthis’, Palaeontology35(2), 273-296.

Dott, R.H. 1997. [Review of Fuller, 1995, op. cit.], Earth Science History16, 160-62.

Doughty, Phillip S. 1981. The State and Status of Geology in UK Museums, Geological Society Miscellaneous Paper 13, London.

Dowson, J. 1854. Reed’s Illustrated Guide to Whitby and Visitors Handbook, Reed, Whitby.

Duncan, P.M. 1878. ‘Anniversary Address of the President’, QJGS34, 34-5.

Dunn, John. 1831. ‘On a large species of Plesiosaurus in the Scarborough Museum’, Proc. Geol. Soc. Lond.1, 336-7.

Dyson, Brian and Roberts, Helen. 1997. ‘Northern riches: archives and manuscripts in the University of Hull Brynmor Jones Library’, Archives22 (97), 3-13. 

Eagar, Michael. 1977. ‘The Manchester Museum’, NGCG2(1), 12-40.

Eastwood, David. 1997. Government and Community in the English Provinces, 1700-1870, Macmillan, London.

Edmonds, James M. 1974. ‘John Phillips’, DNB10, 583-584.

Edmonds, James M.    1975a. ‘The geological lecture-courses given in Yorkshire by William Smith and John Phillips’, 1824-1825, PYGS40(3), 373-412.

Edmonds, James M.    1975b. ‘The first geological lecture course at the University of London, 1831’, AS32, 257-75.

Edmonds, James M.    1977. ‘The legend of John Phillips’s “lost fossil collection”’, JSBNH8(2), 169-75.

Edmonds, James M.    1978. ‘The fossil collection of the Misses Philpot of Lyme Regis’, Proc. Dorset. Nat. Hist. and Arch. Soc.,98, 43-53.

Edmonds, James M.    1982. ‘The first “apprenticed” geologist’, Wilts. Arch. and Nat. Hist. Mag.76, 141-54.

Edmonds, James M.    1985. ‘Vindiciae Geologiae, published 1820; the inaugural lecture of William Buckland’, ANH18, 255-68.

Edmonds, James M. and Beardmore, P.A. 1955. ‘John Phillips and the early meetings of the British Association’, The Advancement of Science12, 97-104.

Edwards, Nicholas. 1971. ‘Thomas Webster (circa 1772-1844)’, JSBNH5, 468-73.

Elliott, Graham F. 1970. ‘The two London Clay Clubs 1836-1847, and 1923-1940’, JSBNH5, 333-9.

English, Barbara. 1990. The Great Landowners of East Yorkshire, Harvester Wheatsheaf, New York, London.

Evans, John. 1875. ‘Anniversary address of the President [John Phillips]’, QJGS31, xxxvii-xliii.

Eyles, Joan M. 1967. ‘William Smith: the sale of his collection to the British Museum’, AS23, 177-212.

Eyles, Joan M.    1969. ‘William Smith: some aspects of his life and work’, in Schneer, (ed.) op. cit., 142-58.

Eyles, Joan M.    1969b. ‘William Smith (1769-1839): A bibliography of his published writings, maps and geological sections, printed and lithographed’, JSBNH5, 87-109.

Eyles, Joan M.    1978. ‘G.W. Featherstonhaugh (1780-1866), FRS, FGS, geologist and traveller’, JSBNH8, 381-95.

Eyles, Joan M.    1985. ‘William Smith, Sir Joseph Banks and the French Geologists’, in Wheeler, A. and Price, J.H. (eds), From Linnaeus to Darwin: Commentaries on the History of Biology and Geology, Society for the History of Natural History, London, 37-50.

Eyles, V.A. 1955. ‘Science activity in the Bristol region in the past’, in MacInnes, C.M. and Whittard, W.F. (eds) Bristol and its Adjoining Counties, Arrowsmith, Bristol, 123-43.

Eyles, V.A. and Eyles, Joan M. 1938. ‘On the different issues of the first geological map of England and Wales’, AS3, 190-212.

Farey, John. 1806. ‘On the stratification of England; the intended Thames archways, & c.’, PM25, 44-9.

Farey, John.    1811. General View of the Agriculture and Minerals of Derbyshire, Peak District Historical Society reprint (1989).

[Farey, John (A Constant Reader)]. 1815a. ‘An earnest recommendation to curious ladies and gentlemen residing or visiting in the country, to examine the quarries, cliffs, steep banks, & c. and collect and preserve fossil shells, as highly curious objects in conchology, and, as most important aids in identifying strata in distant places; on which knowledge the progress of geology in a principal degree, if not entirely depends’, PM45, 274-80.

Farey, John.    1815b. ‘Observations on the priority of Mr Smith’s investigations of the strata of England; on the very unhandsome conduct of certain persons in detracting from his merit therein; and the endeavours of others to supplant him in the sale of his maps; – with a reply to Mr W.H. Gilby’s letter’, PM45, 333-44.

[Farey, John].  1817a. ‘On forming collections of geological specimens; and respecting those of Mr Smith in the British Museum’, PM50, 269-74.

[Farey, John (A Constant Reader)]. 1817b. ‘Geological queries to Mr Westgarth Forster … regarding the basaltic and other strata of Durham …’, PM50, 45-50.

[Farey, John].  1818.  ‘Mr. Smith’s geological claims stated’, PM51, 173-80.

Farey, John.    1819. ‘On the importance of knowing and accurately discriminating fossil-shells, as the means of identifying particular beds of strata … a list of 279 species … [with] stratigraphical and geographical localities … which seem to require the particular and minute attention of the collectors and examiners of fossil shells in their natural deposits’, PM53, 112-32.

Findlen, Paula. 1994. Possessing Nature: Museums, Collecting, and Scientific Culture in Early Modern Italy, University of California, Berkeley.

Finney, Colin. 1993. Paradise Revealed: Natural History in Nineteenth-Century Australia, Museum of Victoria, Melbourne.

[Fitton, William Henry]. 1817a. ‘Transactions of the Geological Society, vol II’,  Edinburgh Review28, 174-92.

[Fitton, William Henry].  1817b. ‘Transactions of the Geological Society, vol III’,  Edinburgh Review29, 71-94. 

[Fitton, William Henry].  1818. ‘[Geology of England]’, Edinburgh Review29, 310-37.

Fitton, William Henry.    1833. Notes on the Progress of Geology in England, Taylor, London.

Flessa, K.W., Cutler, A.H. and Meldahl, K.H. 1993. ‘Time and taphonomy: quantitative estimates of time-averaging and stratigraphic disorder in a shallow marine habitat’, Palaeobiology19(2), 266-86.

Flett, J.S. 1937. The First Hundred Years of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, HMSO, London.

Flower, William Henry. 1889. ‘Museum organisation: presidential address to the British Association for the Advancement of Science’, reprinted in Flower, W.H. 1898. op. cit., 1-29.

Flower, William Henry.    1898. Essays on Museums, MacMillan, London.

Foote, George A. 1951. ‘The place of science in the British reform movement 1830-50’, Isis42, 192-208.

Forbes, Edward. 1844a. ‘On the light thrown on geology by submarine researches; being the substance of a communication made to the Royal Institution of Great Britain, 23 February 1844’, Edinburgh New Phil. J.36, 318-27.

Forbes, Edward.    1844b. ‘Report on the Mollusca and Radiata of the Aegean Sea, and on their distribution, considered as bearing on geology’ RBAAS for 1843, 130-93.

Forbes, Edward.    1846. ‘On the connexion between the distribution of the existing flora and fauna of the British Isles, and the geological changes which have affected their area, especially during the epoch of the Northern Drift’, Mem. Geol. Surv. G.B.1, 336-432.

Forbes, Edward.    1853. On the Educational Uses of Museums, Metropolitan School of Science applied to Mining and the Arts, Museum of Practical Geology, Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, London.

Ford, Trevor D. and Torrens, Hugh S. 1989. ‘John Farey (1766-1826): An unrecognised polymath’ in Farey, John (1811) op. cit., unpaginated.

Forgen, Sophie. 1994. ‘The architecture of display: museums, universities and objects in the nineteenth-century Britain’, HS32, 139-62.

Forrest, Derek W. 1974. Francis Galton: The Life and Work of a Victorian Genius, Taplinger, New York.

Foster, Joseph. 1874. Pedigrees of the County Families of Yorkshire, Volume 1 West Riding, Head, London.

Fox-Strangways, Charles. 1904. The Geology of the Oolitic and Cretaceous Rocks South of Scarborough, Mem. Geol. Surv., HMSO, London.

Fraser, Derek. 1979. Power and Authority in the Victorian City, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.

Frost, Charles. 1831. ‘An address delivered to the Literary and Philosophical Society, 5 November 1830’, Hull.

Fuller, John G.C.M. 1995. Strata Smith and his Stratigraphic Cross Sections, 1819, American Association of Petroleum Geologists and the Geological Society of London.

Gash, Norman. 1979. Aristocracy and People: Britain 1815-1865, Arnold, London.

Gaunt, G.D., Fletcher, T.P. and Walsh, C.J. 1992. Geology of the Country around Kingston Upon Hull and Brigg, Mem. Geol. Surv., Keyworth.

Galton, Francis. 1874. English Men of Science: Their Nature and Nurture, Macmillan, London, (reprinted facsimile edition 1970).

Garrard, John. 1983. Leadership and Power in Victorian Industrial Towns 1830-80, Manchester University Press, Manchester.

Geikie, Archibald. 1895. Memoir of Sir Andrew Crombie Ramsey, Macmillan, London.

Geikie, Archibald.    1905. Founders of Geology, Macmillan, London.

George, William H. 1998. John Gibson (1778-1840): Manufacturing Chemist and Collector of Pleistocene Fossils from Kirkdale Cave, Yorkshire and Ilford, Essex, George, Barking.

Gilbertson, William. 1831. ‘Preston depot for the sale and exchange of objects of natural history’, MNH4, 72-3.

Gill, Margaret A.V. and Knell, Simon J. 1988. ‘Tunbridge Wells Museum: Geology and George Abbott (1844-1925)’, Geological Curator5(1), 3-16.

Gillispie, Charles C. 1951. Genesis and Geology: A Study in the Relations of Scientific Thought, Natural Theology and Social Opinion in Great Britain, 1780-1850, Harvard University Press, New York.

Goddard, T. Russell. 1929. History of the Natural History Society of Northumberland, Durham and Newcastle upon Tyne 1829-1929, Reid, Newcastle.

Gordon, Elizabeth O. 1894. The Life and Correspondence of William Buckland, Murray, London.

Grayson, Donald K. 1983. The Establishment of Human Antiquity, Academic, New York.

Green, Margaret. 1996. ‘William Buckland’s model of Plymouth breakwater: some geological and scientific connexions’, ANH23, 219-43.

Greenough, George Bellas. 1819. A Critical Examination of the First Principles of Geology, Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, London (Arno, New York, facsimile edition 1978).

Greenwood, J. 1835. Greenwood’s Picture of Hull, Greenwood, Hull.

Greenwood, Thomas. 1888. Museums and Art Galleries, Simpkin, Marshall and Co., London.

Gregory, Chris A. 1982. Gifts and Commodities, Academic Press, London.

Guilding, Lansdown. 1835. ‘The Ashmolean Museum, Oxford’, MNH8, 239-40.

Gulliver, George. 1871. ‘On the objects and management of provincial museums’,  Nature5, 35-6. 

Gunther, Albert E. 1980. The Founders of Science at the British Museum 1753-1900, Halesworth.

Hailstone, E. 1869. Portraits of Yorkshire Worthies, Cundall and Fleming, London. 

Hancock, Jake M. 1977. ‘The historica development of biostratigraphic correlation’, in Kauffman, Erle G. and Hazel, Joseph E., (eds), Concepts and Methods of Biostratigraphy, Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, Stroudsburg.

Harrison, J.F.C. 1988. Early Victorian Britain, 1832-51, Fontana, London.

Hartley, M. and Ingilby, J. 1961. Yorkshire Portraits, Dent, London.

Hays, J.N. 1983. ‘The London lecturing empire, 1800-50’, in Inkster and Morrell, op. cit., 91-119.

Hemingway, J.E. 1946. ‘Martin Simpson – geologist and curator, 1800-1892’, in Browne, H.B., op. cit., 93-105.

Hemingway, J.E.    1958. ‘The geology of Whitby’, in Daysh, G.H.J. (ed.), A Survey of Whitby and Surrounding Area, Shakespeare Head, Windsor, 1-48.

Hemingway, J.E. and Owen, J.S. 1975. ‘William Smith and the Jurassic coals of Yorkshire’, PYGS40, 297-308.

Hermann, F. 1972. The English Collectors, Chatto and Windus, London.

Hern, Anthony. 1967. The Seaside Holiday: The History of the English Seaside Resort, Cresset, London.

Herries Davies, Gordon L. 1983. Sheets of Many Colours: The Mapping of Ireland’s Rocks 1750-1890, Royal Dublin Society, Dublin.

Hey, W. 1881. Sketch of the York Founders of the British Association, York.

Heyck, Thomas W. 1982. The Transformation of Intellectual Life in Victorian England, Croom Helm, London.

Hibbert, S. 1825. ‘Account of the circumstances connected with the discovery of fossil elk on the Isle of Man, which prove that this animal is not antediluvian, as many naturalists and antiquaries have supposed (including article on the above relating to Oswald, Buckland and others)’, EJS, 3, 15-31, 129-35. 

Hibbert, S.    1826. ‘Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh meeting (Monday 5 December 1825)’, EJS3, 174. 

Hinderwell, Thomas. 1811. The History and Antiquities of Scarborough and the Vicinity, second edition, Longman, London and Wilson, York. 

Home, Everard. 1817. ‘An account of some fossil remains of the rhinoceras, discovered by Mr Whitby in a cavern inclosed in the lime-stone rock from which he is forming the breakwater at Plymouth’, PTRSL, 176-82. 

Horsman, Frank. 1999. ‘Plant distribution patterns: the first British map’, ANH26, 279-86.

Houghton, Walter E. 1957. The Victorian Frame of Mind 1830-1870, Yale University Press, New Haven. 

Houlbrooke, Ralph A. (ed.) 1989. Death, Ritual and Bereavement, Routledge, London.

Howarth, O.J.R. 1931. The British Association for the Advancement of Science: A Retrospect 1831-1931, British Association for the Advancement of Science, London.

Howe, S.R., Sharpe, T. and Torrens, H.S. 1981. Ichthyosaurs: A History of Fossil ‘Sea-Dragons’, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff.

Hudson, J.W. 1851. The History of Adult Education, Woburn Press, London (1969 facsimile reprint).

Hume, A. 1853. The Learned Societies and Printing Clubs of the United Kingdom, Willis, London (1966 reprint, Gale, Detroit).

Hunter, William Perceval. 1835. Geological Notes: … Remarks on the Isle of Sheppey, Hythe.

Hunton, Louis. 1837. ‘Remarks on a section of the Upper Lias and Marlstone of Yorkshire, showing the limited vertical distribution of the species of ammonites and other Testacea, with their value as geological tests’, TGS, 5, 215-21. 

Inkster, Ian. 1979. ‘London science and the Seditious Meetings Act of 1817’, BJHS12, 192-6.

Inkster, Ian.    1983. ‘Introduction: Aspects of the history of science and science culture in Britain, 1780-1850 and beyond’, in Inkster and Morrell, op. cit., 11-54.

Inkster, Ian and Morrell, Jack B. (eds). 1983. Metropolis and Province: Science in British Culture 1780-1850, Hutchinson, London.

Jallard, Patricia. 1996. Death in the Victorian Family, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

J[elly, Henry]. 1833. ‘Biographical Sketch: JS Miller’, Bath and Bristol Magazine or Western Miscellany2, 111-22.                         

Jordanova, Ludmilla J. and Porter, Roy S. (eds). 1997. Images of the Earth, 2nd edition (first published 1979), British Society for the History of Science.

Judd, John W. 1897. ‘Williams Smith’s manuscript maps’, Geological Magazine (Decade 4), 4, 439-47.

Judd, John W.    1898. ‘The earliest engraved geological maps of England and Wales’, Geological Magazine (Decade 4), 5, 97-103.

K. 1829. ‘Hints for improvements: a natural history society’, MNH, 2, 286-7.

Kargon, Robert H. 1977. Science in Victorian Manchester, Manchester University Press, Manchester.

[Kendall, Frederick]. 1816. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Minerals and Fossil Organic Remains of Scarborough and the Vicinity, including the Line of Coast from Hornsea to Mulgrave, and extending into the Interior as far as Malton, Coultas, Scarborough.

Kennard, A.S. 1945. ‘The early digs in Kent’s Hole, Torquay’, Proc. Geologists  Association56, 153-213.

Kenrick, J. 1873. ‘A retrospect of the early history of the YPS’, Yorkshire Philosophical Society Annual Report for 1872, 34-44.

Kent, P. 1980. Eastern England from the Tees to Wash, British Regional Geology, 2nd edition, Institute of Geological Sciences, HMSO, London.

Keynes, Geoffrey. 1970. ‘Some uncollected authors XLIV: George Cumberland 1754-1848’, The Book Collector19, 31-65.

Kitson Clark, Edwin W. 1924. The Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society: A History of One Hundred Years 1819-1921, Leeds Literary and Philosophical Society, Leeds.

Kitson Clark, G.S.R. 1955. ‘The romantic element 1830-1850’, in Plumb, J.H. (ed.), Studies in Social History: A Tribute to G.M. Trevelyan, Longmans Green, London, 211-39.

Knell, Simon J. 1997. ‘What’s important?’, in Pettitt, C.W. and Nudds, J.R. (eds), The Value and Valuation of Natural Science Collections, Geological Society, London.

Knell, Simon J.    1987. ‘Geology curators get on their bikes’, Geology Today, 3, 136-8.

Knell, Simon J.    1994a. ‘Palaeontological excavation: historical perspectives’, Geological Curator6(2), 57-69.

Knell, Simon J.    1994b. ‘Collecting and excavation in palaeontology’, Geological Curator6(2), 49-56.

Knell, Simon J.    1996. ‘The roller-coaster of museum geology’, in Pearce, S.M. (ed.), Exploring Science in Museums, New Research in Museum Studies, Athlone, London, 29-56.

Knell, Simon J.    1997. Immortal Remains: Fossil Collections from the Heroic Age of Geology (1820-1850), unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Keele.

Knell, Simon J. (ed.). 1999. Museums and the Future of Collecting, Ashgate, Aldershot.

Knell, Simon J. (in press). ‘Geology and museums’, in Dineley, David, (ed.), Oxford Companion to the Earth, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Knight, David. 1992. Humphry Davy, Science and Power, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.       

Kohlstedt, Sally Gregory. 1976. ‘The nineteenth-century amateur tradition: the case of the Boston Society of Natural History’, in Holton, Gerald and Blanpied, William A. (eds), Science and Its Public, D. Reidel Dordrecht, 173-90.

Kuhn, Thomas S. 1970. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 2nd edition, University of Chicago Press,  Chicago.

Kuhn, Thomas S.    1977. The Essential Tension: Selected Studies in Scientific Tradition and Change, University of Chicago, Chicago.

Lambrecht, Kalman, Quenstedt, W. and Quenstedt A. 1938. Palaeontologi, Junk, Gravenshage (reprinted 1978 by Arno, New York).

Lang, W.D. 1939. ‘Mary Anning (1799-1847), and the pioneer geologists of Lyme’, Proc. Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc., 60, 142-64.

Laudan, Rachel. 1976. ‘William Smith: stratigraphy without palaeontology’, Centaurus20, 210-26.

Laudan, Rachel.    1977. ‘Ideas and organisations in British geology: a case study in institutional history’, Isis68, 527-38.          

Laudan, Rachel.    1987. From Mineralogy to Geology: The Foundations of a Science, 1650-1830, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Laudan, Rachel.    1990. ‘The history of geology, 1780-1840’, in Olby, Robert, C., Cantor, G.N., Christie, J.R.R. and Hodge, M.J.S. (eds), Companion to the History of Modern Science, Routledge, London, 314-25.

Lawrence, Christopher. 1990. ‘The power and the glory: Humphry Davy and Romanticism’, in Cunningham, Andrew and Jardine, Nicholas, (eds), Romanticism and the Sciences, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 213-27.

Layton, David. 1973. Science for the People: The Origins of the School Science Curriculum in England, Allen and Unwin, London.

Lee, John Edward. 1881. Notebook of an Amateur Geologist, Longman, London.

Lindley, John and Hutton, William. 1831-1837. The Fossil Flora of Great Britain, 3 volumes, J. Ridway, London.

Lonsdale, William. 1830. ‘Instructions for the collection of geological specimens’, MNH3, 442-5.

Loudon, J.C. 1828. ‘Introduction’, MNH, 1, 1-9.

Loudon, J.C.    1835. ‘Preface [on the role of women and clergy in natural history]’, MNH8, iii-iv.

Lowenthal, David. 1985. The Past is a Foreign Country, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Luffingham, R.L. 1995. John Alderson and His Family, Hull Medical Society, Centenary Monograph 21.

Lydekker, Richard. 1888. Catalogue of Fossil Reptilia and Amphibia in the British Museum (Natural History), Trustees of the British Museum, London.

Lyell, Charles. 1826a. ‘Scientific institutions’, Quarterly Review34, 153-79.

Lyell, Charles.    1826b. ‘Transactions of the Geological Society of London’, Quarterly Review34, 507-40.

Lyell, Charles.    1830-1833. Principles of Geology, Murray, London.

Lyell, Katharine M. 1881. Life, Letters and Journals of Sir Charles Lyell, 2 volumes, Murray, London.

McCartney, Paul J. 1977. Henry De la Beche: Observations on an Observer, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff.

McClellan, J.E. 1985. Science Reorganised: Scientific Societies in the Eighteenth Century, Columbia University, New York.

McCoy, Frederick. 1859. Contributions to British Palaeontology, Macmillan, Cambridge.

[MacCulloch, John]. 1822. ‘[Fossil fishes]’, Edinburgh Review37, 47-60.

McEnery, John. 1859. Cavern Researches, Discoveries of Organic Remains, and of British and Roman Reliques, in the Caves of Kent’s Hole, Anstis Cove, Chudleigh and Berry Head (ed. E. Vivien), Simpkin, Marshall and Co., London.

MacGregor, Arthur. 1997. ‘Collectors, connoisseurs and curators in the Victorian age’, in Caygill, Marjorie and Cherry, John (eds), A.W. Franks: Nineteenth Century Collecting and the British Museum, British Museum, London.

MacLeod, Roy M. 1983. ‘Whigs and savants: reflections on the reform movement in the Royal Society, 1830-48’, in Inkster and Morrell, op. cit., 55-90.

Macmillan, Nora F. and Greenwood, E.F. 1972. ‘The Beans of Scarborough; a family of naturalists’, JSBNH6, 152-61.

Mantell, Gideon Algernon. 1825. ‘On the teeth of the Iguanodon, a newly-discovered fossil herbivorous reptile’, PTRSL115, 179-86.

Mantell, Gideon Algernon.    1829. ‘A tabular arrangement of the organic remains of the county of Sussex’, TGS (2nd series), 3(1), 201-16.

Mayhall, John. 1861. The Annals of York, etc., Johnson, Leeds [also published as Annals of Yorkshire].

Mauss, Marcel. 1954. The Gift: Forms and Functions of Exchange in Archaic Societies, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London.

Melmore, S. 1942. ‘Letters in the possession of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society’, North Western Naturalist17, 317-32.

Melmore, S.    1943a. ‘Letters in the possession of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society’, North Western Naturalist18, 21-9.

Melmore, S.    1943b. ‘Letters in the possession of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society’, North Western Naturalist18, 148-60.

Merrill, Lynn L. 1989. The Romance of Victorian Natural History, Oxford University Press, New York.

Merton, Robert K. 1973. The Sociology of Science: Theoretical and Empirical Investigations, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Miller, Daniel. 1987. Material Culture and Mass Consumption, Blackwell, Oxford.

Miller, David Philip. 1986. ‘Method and the micropolitics of science: the early years of the Geological and Astronomical Societies of London’, in Schuster, John A. and Yeo, Richard R., The Politics and Rhetoric of Scientific Method: Historical Studies, D. Reidel, Dordrecht.

Miller, Edward. 1973. That Noble Cabinet: A History of the British Museum, Andre Deutsch, London.

Miller, John S. 1821. A Natural History of the Crinoidea, C. Frost, Bristol.

Mills, E.L. 1984. ‘A view of Edward Forbes, naturalist’, ANH11(3), 365-93.

Moore, D.T. 1982. ‘Geological collectors and collections of the India Museum, London 1801-79’, ANH10(3), 399-428.

Moore, D.T., Thackray, J.C. and Morgan, D.L. 1991. ‘A short history of the Museum of the Geological Society of London 1807-1911, with a catalogue of the British and Irish accessions, and notes on surviving collections’,BMNH19(1), 51-160.

Morgan, Kenneth. 1997. ‘The Bright family papers’, Archives22 (97), 119-29.

Morley, John. 1971. Death, Heaven and the Victorians, Studio Vista, London.

Morrell, Jack B. 1971. ‘Individualism and the structure of British science in 1830’, Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences3, 183-204.

Morrell, Jack B.    1983. ‘Economic and ornamental geology: the Geological and Polytechnic Society of the West Riding of Yorkshire 1837-53’, in Inkster and Morrell, op. cit.,  231-56.

Morrell, Jack B.    1985. ‘Wissenshaft in Worstedopolis: public science in Bradford, 1800-1850’, BJHS18, 1-23.

Morrell, Jack B.    1988a. ‘Science and government: John Phillips and the early Ordnance Geological Survey of Great Britain’, in Rupke, Nicolaas A. (ed.), Science and the Public Good, Macmillan, Basingstoke, 7-35.

Morrell, Jack B.    1988b. ‘The early Yorkshire Geological and Polytechnic Society: a reconsideration’, AS45, 153-67.

Morrell, Jack B.    1989. ‘The legacy of William Smith: John Phillips in the 1820s’, ANH16, 319-35. 

Morrell, Jack B.    1990. ‘Professionalisation’, in Olby, Robert C., Cantor, G.N., Christie, J.R.R. and Hodge, M.J.S. (eds),Companion to the History of Modern Science, Routledge, London, 980-89. 

Morrell, Jack B.    1994a. ‘Perpetual excitement: the heroic age of British geology’, Geological Curator5(8), 311-17. 

Morrell, Jack B.    1994b. ‘William Whewell: rough diamond’, HS32, 345-59. 

Morrell, Jack B. and Thackray, Arnold. 1981. Gentlemen of Science: Early Years of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, Clarendon, Oxford.

Morrell, Jack B. and Thackray, Arnold. 1984.  Gentlemen of Science: Early Correspondence of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, Camden 4th Series, Royal Historical Society, London.

Morris, Robert J. 1990. Class, Sect and Party: The Making of the British Middle Class, Leeds 1820-1850, Manchester University Press, Manchester.

Murray, Peter. 1828. ‘Account of a deposite of fossil plants, discovered in the coal formation of the third Secondary limestone, near Scarborough’, Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal5, 311-17.

Museum of Practical Geology. 1853. Arrangement of the Fossils and Rock Specimens in the Galleries of the Museum of Practical Geology.

Museum of Practical Geology.    1896. Handbook to the Museum, HMSO, London.

Neve, Michael. 1983. ‘Science in a commercial city: Bristol 1820-60’, in Inkster, Ian and Morrell, Jack B. (eds) op. cit., 179-204.

Newton-Smith, W.H. 1981. The Rationality of Science, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London.

Norman, J.R. 1944. Squire: Memories of Charles Davies Sherborn, Harrap, London.

North, Fred J. 1934. ‘From the geological map to the geological survey: Glamorgan and the pioneers of geology’, Transactions of Cardiff Naturalists’ Society65 (for 1932), 41-115.

North, Fred J.     1935. ‘Dean Conybeare, geologist’, Transactions of Cardiff Naturalists’ Society66 (for 1933), 15-68.

North, Fred J.    1936. ‘Further chapters in the history of geology in south Wales; Sir H.T. de la Beche and the Geological Survey’, Transactions of Cardiff Naturalists’ Society67 (for 1934), 31-103.

North, Fred J.    1956. ‘W.D. Conybeare, his geological contemporaries and Bristol associations’, Proc. Bristol Naturalists’ Society29(2), 133-46.

O’Connor, J.G. and Meadows, A.J. 1976. ‘Specialisation and professionalism in British geology’, Social Studies of Science6, 77-89.

Oldroyd, David R. 1990. The Highlands Controversy: Constructing Geological Knowledge through Fieldwork in Nineteenth Century Britain, University of Chicago, Chicago.

Oldroyd, D.R. and McKenna, G. 1995. ‘A note on Andrew Ramsay’s unpublished report on the St Davids area, recently discovered’, AS52, 193-6.

Oleson, Alexandra and Brown, Sanborn C. 1976. The Pursuit of Knowledge in the Early American Republic: American Scientific and Learned Societies from Colonial Times to the Civil War, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

Orange, A. Derek. 1970. The Early History of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society, unpublished PhD Thesis, University of London. 

Orange, A. Derek.    1971. ‘The British Association for the Advancement of Science: the provincial background’, Science Studies1, 315-29.

Orange, A. Derek.    1973. Philosophers and Provincials: The Yorkshire Philosophical Society from 1822 to 1844, Yorkshire Philosophical Society, York.

Orange, A. Derek.    1983. ‘Rational dissent and provincial science: William Turner and the Newcastle Literary and Philosophical Society, in Inkster and Morrell, op. cit., 205-30.

Osborne, Roger. 1998. The Floating Egg: Episodes in the Making of Geology, Jonathan Cape, London.

Owen, A. 1972. ‘Biographical notes on William Venables Vernon Harcourt (1789-1871)’, Yorkshire Philosophical Society Annual Report for 1971, 50-51.

Owen, Richard. 1842. ‘Report on British fossil reptiles, part 2’, RBAAS for 1841, 60-204.

Owen, Richard.    1874-1889. A Monograph on the Fossil Reptilia of the Mesozoic Formations, Palaeontographical Society, London.

Page, L.E. 1969. ‘Diluvialism and its critics in Great Britain in the early nineteenth century’, in Schneer, op. cit., 257-71.

Park, G.R. 1886. Parliamentary Representation of Yorkshire, Barnwell, Hull.

Parkinson, J. 1804-1811. Organic Remains of a Former World, Sherwood, Neely and Jones, London.

Parsons, James. 1757. ‘An account of some fossils and other bodies found in the Island of Shepey’, PTRSL50(2), 396.

Paul, Charles B. 1980. Science and Immortality: The Éloges of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1699-1781), University of California Press, Berkeley.

Perceval, S.G. 1907. ‘On certain collections in the Bristol Museum. How they originated’, Bristol Times and Mirror, 5 January.                      

Pengelly, William. 1869. ‘The literature of Kent’s Cavern. Part II including the whole of the Rev. J. McEnery’s manuscript’, Rep. and Trans. Devonshire Assoc.3, 191-482.

Perkin, Harold. 1969. Origins of Modern Society, Routledge, London.

Phillips, John. 1827. ‘On the direction of the diluvial currents in Yorkshire’, Philosophical Magazine (series 2), 2, 138-41.

Phillips, John.    1829. Illustrations of the Geology of Yorkshire or, a Description of the Strata and Organic Remains of the Yorkshire Coast accompanied by a Geological Map, Sections, and Plates of the Fossil Plants and Animals, Wilson, York.

Phillips, John.    1830. ‘On the geology of Havre’, PM (2nd series), 7, 195-98.

Phillips, John.    1834. A Guide to Geology, Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green and Longman, London.

Phillips, John.    1835. Illustrations of the Geology of Yorkshire, or a Description of the Strata and Organic Remains: Part 1 The Yorkshire Coast, 2nd edition, Murray, London.

Phillips, John.    1836. Illustrations of the Geology of Yorkshire, or a Description of the Strata and Organic Remains: Part 2 The Mountain Limestone District, Murray, London.

Phillips, John.    1839. ‘Biographical notice of William Smith’, MNH (new series), 3, 213-20.

Phillips, John.    1840a. ‘Organic remains’, Penny Cyclopedia16, 487-91.

Phillips, John.    1840b. ‘Palaeozoic series’, Penny Cyclopedia17, 153-54.

Phillips, John.    1841. Figures and Descriptions of the Palaeozoic Fossils of Cornwall, Devon and West Somerset, Longman, Brown and Green, London.

Phillips, John.    1842a. ‘On a fossiliferous conglomerate, adherent to the Trap of the Malvern Hills’, PM21, 288-93.

Phillips, John.    1842b. ‘On the occurrence of some minute fossil crustaceans in palaeozoic rocks’, RBAAS for 1841, part 2, 64-5.

Phillips, John.    1843. ‘On the occurrence of trilobites and Agnosti in the lowest shales of the Palaeozoic series, on the flanks of the Malvern Hills’, PM22, 384-5.

Phillips, John.    1844. Memoirs of William Smith, Murray, London.

Phillips, John.    1848. ‘The Malvern Hills compared with the Palaeozoic districts of Abberley, Woolhope, May Hill, Tortworth and Usk’, Mem. Geol. Surv. G.B.2(1), 1-330.

Phillips, John.    1849. ‘Geology’, in Smedley, E., Rose, H.J. and Rose, H.J. (eds), Encyclopaedia Metropolitana, volume 6, Griffin, London, 529-800.

Phillips, John.    1854. ‘On a new Plesiosaurus in the York Museum’, RBAAS for  1853, 54.

Phillips, John.    1859. ‘Anniversary address of the President’, QJGS15, 25-61.

Phillips, John.    1860. ‘Anniversary address of the President [on fossil distribution]’, QJGS16, xxvi-lv.

Phillips, John.    1871. ‘Rev. William Venables Vernon Harcourt’, Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond.20, xiii-xv.

Phillips, John.    1873. ‘Sedgwick’, Nature7, 257-9.

Phillips, John.    1874. ‘Address delivered before the Geological Section of the British Association’, RBAAS for 1873, 70-75.

Phillips, John.    1875. Illustrations of the Geology of Yorkshire, or a Description of the Strata and Organic Remains:  Part 1 The Yorkshire Coast. 3rd edition (ed. R. Etheridge), Murray, London.

Phillips, John and Salter, John W. 1848.  ‘Palaeontological appendix to Professor Phillips’ memoir on the Malvern Hills compared with the Palaeozoic districts of Abberley, & c.’, Mem. Geol. Surv. G.B.2(1), 331-86.

Pickering, Isabel. 1995. Some Goings On! A Selection of Newspaper Articles about Fowey, Polruan and Lanteglos Districts from 1800-1899, Pickering, Fowey.

Pickstone, John V. 1994. ‘Museological science? The place of the analytical/comparative in nineteenth century science, technology and medicine’, HS32, 111-38.

Pomian, Krzysztof. 1990. Collectors and Curiosities: Paris and Venice, 1500-1800, Polity Press, Cambridge.

Porter, Roy. 1977. The Making of Geology: Earth Science in Britain, 1660-1815, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Porter, Roy.    1978. ‘Gentlemen and geology: the emergence of a scientific career 1660-1920’, Historical Journal21, 809-36.

Porter, Roy.    1996. ‘Miller’s madness’, in Shortland, Michael, (ed.), Hugh Miller and the Controversies of Victorian Science, Clarendon, Oxford, 265-86.

Porter, Roy and Poulton, K. 1977. ‘Research in British geology 1660-1800: a survey and thematic bibliography’, AS34, 33-42.

Porter, William Smith. 1922. Sheffield Literary and Philosophical Society, A Centenary Retrospect 1822-1922, Northend, Sheffield.

Purcell, Rosamond W. and Gould, Stephen J. 1992. Finders, Keepers: Eight Collectors, Pimlico, London. 

Pyrah, Barbara. 1974. ‘Yorkshire Museum’, NGCG1(2), 52-5.

Pyrah, Barbara.    1988. The History of the Yorkshire Museum and its Geological Collections, Sessions, York.

Read, Benedict. 1982. Victorian Sculpture, Yale University Press, New Haven.

Rees, Abraham (ed.). 1819. Cyclopedia. Longman, Hirst, Rees, Orme and Brown, London.          .                                   

Rehbock, R.F. 1983. The Philosophical Naturalists: Themes in Early Nineteenth Century British Biology, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Richardson, R. 1989. ‘Why was death so big in Victorian Britain’, in Houlbrooke, R. (ed.), op. cit., 105-117.

Ross, Frederick. 1878. Celebrities of the Yorkshire Wolds, London: Trüber and Co; Driffield: T. Holderness, ‘Observer’ Office.

Rudler, F.W. 1877. ‘On natural history museums’, Y Cymmrodor1, 17-36.

Rudwick, Martin J.S. 1963. ‘The foundation of the Geological Society of London: its scheme for co-operative research and its struggle for independence’, BJHS1, 325-55.

Rudwick, Martin J.S.    1972. The Meaning of Fossils: Episodes in the History of Palaeontology, Macdonald, London.

Rudwick, Martin J.S.    1975. ‘Caricature as a source for the history of science: De la Beche’s anti-Lyellian sketches of 1831’, Isis66, 534-60.

Rudwick, Martin J.S.    1978. ‘Charles Lyell’s dream of a statistical palaeontology’,  Palaeontology21, 225-244.

Rudwick, Martin J.S.    1985. The Great Devonian Controversy, University of Chicago, Chicago.

Rudwick, Martin J.S.    1988. ‘A year in the life of Adam Sedgwick and company, geologists’, ANH15(3), 243-68.

Rudwick, Martin J.S.    1992. Scenes from Deep Time, University of Chicago, Chicago.

Rupke, Nicolaas A. 1983a. ‘The study of fossils in the romantic philosophy and history of nature’,  HS21, 389-413.

Rupke, Nicolaas A.    1983b.  The Great Chain of History: William Buckland and the English School of Geology, Clarendon, Oxford.

Rupke, Nicolaas A.    1994.  Richard Owen. Victorian Naturalist, Yale University Press, New Haven.

Russell, Colin A. 1983. Science and Social Change, Macmillan, London.

Sarjeant, William A.S. 1980. Geologists and the History of Geology, Macmillan, London.

Sarjeant, William A.S. and Delair, Justin B. 1980. ‘An Irish naturalist in Cuvier’s laboratory. The letters of Joseph Pentland 1820-32’, BMNH6, 245-319.                            

Schneer, C.J. (ed.). 1969. Towards a History of Geology, MIT, Massachusetts.

Schor, Esther. 1994. Bearing the Dead: The British Culture of Mourning from the Enlightenment to Victoria, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Schweber, S.S. 1981. ‘Scientists as intellectuals: the early Victorians’, in Paradis, James and Postlewait, Thomas,Victorian Science and Victorian Values, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences360, 1-37.

Scruton, William. 1900. ‘History of the society’, Report of the Bradford Literary and Philosophical Society25.

Secord, Anne. 1994. ‘Science in the pub: artisan botanists in early nineteenth-century Lancashire’, HS32, 269-315.

Secord, James A. 1982. ‘King of Siluria: Roderick Murchison and the imperial theme in nineteenth-century British geology’, Victorian Studies25, 413-42.

Secord, James A.    1985. ‘John W. Salter: The rise and fall of a Victorian palaeontological career’, in Wheeler, A. and Price, J.H. (eds) From Linnaeus to Darwin: Commentaries on the History of Biology and Geology, Society for the History of Natural History, London, 61-75.

Secord, James A.    1986a. Controversy in Victorian Geology: The Cambrian-Silurian Dispute, Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Secord, James A.    1986b. ‘The Geological Survey of Great Britain as a research school 1839-1855’, HS24(3), 223-75.

Seed, John. 1988. ‘“Commerce and the liberal arts”: the political economy of art in Manchester, 1775-1860’, in Wolff and Seed, (eds), op. cit. 45-81.

Shapin, Steven. 1972. ‘The Pottery Philosophical Society, 1819-1835: an examination of the cultural uses of provincial science’, Science Studies2, 311-36.

Shapin, Steven.    1991. ‘“A scholar and a gentleman”: the problematic identity of the scientific practitioner in early modern England’, HS29, 279-327.

Shapin, Steven and Barnes, Barry. 1977. ‘Science, nature and control: interpreting mechanics institutes’, Social Studies of Science7, 31-74.

Shapin, Steven and Thackray, Arnold. 1974. ‘Prosopography as a research tool in the history of science: the British scientific community 1700-1900’, HS12, 5-9.

Sharpe, Tom and McCartney, Paul J. 1997. ‘The archive of H.T. De la Beche (1796-1855) in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK’, J. Geological Society of Jamaica32, 29-35.            

Sheahan, James Joseph. 1864. History and Description of the Town and Port of Kingston-Upon-Hull, Green, Beverly, Simpkin, Marshall and Co., London. 

Sheahan, James Joseph.    1866. History of the Town and Port of Kingston Upon Hull, Green, Beverley.

Sheahan, James Joseph and Whellan, T. 1856. History and Topography of the City of York; the Ainsty Wapentake and the East Riding of Yorkshire, volume 2, Green, Beverly.

Shelston,  Dorothy and Shelston, Alan. 1990. The Industrial City 1820-1870, Macmillan, Basingstoke

Sheppard, Thomas. 1904. ‘Remains of lion in East Yorkshire’, Naturalist9, 102-4.

Sheppard, Thomas.    1916. Yorkshire’s Contribution to Science, Brown, London.

Sheppard, Thomas.    1917. ‘William Smith: his maps and memoirs’, PYGS19, 75-253.

Sheppard, Thomas.    1918. ‘Martin Simpson and his geological memoirs’, PYGS19, 298-316.

Sheppard, Thomas.    1932. ‘John Phillips’, PYGS22, 153-187.

Sheppard, Thomas.    1944. ‘John Phillips and his lectures’, North Western Naturalist19, 152-3.

Sherborn, Charles Davies.1934. ‘An early bill for fossils from Joshua Platt, of Oxford, 1772’, The Naturalist, 113-17.

 Sherborn, Charles Davies.   1940. Where is the _______ Collection? Cambridge University, Cambridge.

Shortland, Michael. 1994. ‘Darkness visible: underground culture in the golden age of geology’, HS32, 1-61.

Shortland, Michael.    1996.  ‘Bonneted mechanic and narrative hero: the self-modelling of Hugh Miller’, in Shortland, Michael (ed.), Hugh Miller and the Controversies of Victorian Science, Clarendon, Oxford, 14-75.

Shteir, Ann B. 1987. ‘Botany in the breakfast room: women and early nineteenth-century British plant study’, in Abir-Am, Pnina G. and Outram, Dorinda (eds), Uneasy Careers and Intimate Lives: Women in Science 1789-1979, Rutgers University Press,  New Brunswick.

Shteir, Ann B.    1996. Cultivating Women, Cultivating Science: Flora’s Daughters and Botany in England, 1760-1860, John Hopkins, Baltimore.

Simpkins, Diana M. 1974. ‘Biographical sketch of James Sowerby, written by his son, James de Carle Sowerby, 1825’, JSBNH6, 402-15.

Simpson, Martin. 1843. A Monograph of the Ammonites of the Yorkshire Lias, Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London.

Simpson, Martin.    1884. The Fossils of the Yorkshire Lias, Wheldon, London/Forth, Whitby.

Smales, G. 1867. Whitby Authors and their Publications, Horne, Whitby.

Smith, William. 1816. Strata Identified by Organized Fossils Containing Prints on Coloured Paper of the Most Characteristic Fossils in Each Stratum, Arding, London.

Smith, William.    1817. Stratigraphical System of Organized Fossils with Reference to the Specimens of the Original Geological Collection in the British Museum: Explaining their State of Preservation and their Use in Identifying the British Strata, Williams, London.

Sopwith, Thomas. 1843. Account of the Museum of Economic Geology, Murray, London.

Sowerby, James and Sowerby, James de Carle. 1812-1826. The Mineral Conchology of Great Britain, London.

Spamer, E.E., Bogan, A.E. and Torrens, H.S. 1989. ‘Recovery of the Etheldred Benett collection of fossils mostly from Jurassic-Cretaceous strata of Wiltshire, England, analysis of the taxonomic nomenclature of Benett (1831), and notes and figures of type specimens contained in the collection’, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia141, 115-80.

Stafford, Robert A. 1989. Scientist of Empire: Sir Roderick Murchison, Scientific Exploration and Victorian Imperialism, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Star, Susan Leigh and Griesemer, James R. 1989. ‘Institutional ecology, ‘translations’ and boundary objects: amateurs and professionals in Berkeley’s Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, 1907-39’, Social Studies of Science19, 387-420.

Stather, J.W. et al. 1908. ‘Investigation of the fossiliferous drift deposts at Kirmington, Lincolnshire, and at various localities in the East Riding of Yorkshire’, RBAAS for 1907, 325-8.

Stather, J.W. et al.    1910. ‘Investigation of the fossiliferous drift deposts at Kirmington, Lincolnshire, and at various localities in the East Riding of Yorkshire’, RBAAS for1909, 177-80.

Stearn, William T. 1981. The Natural History Museum at South Kensington, Heinemann, London.

Strickland, Hugh E. 1837. ‘On the errors which may arise in computing the relative antiquity of deposits from the characters of their embedded fossils’, MNH (new series), 1, 234-9.

Stukeley, William. 1719. ‘An account of the impression of the almost entire sceleton of a large animal in a very hard stone’, PTRSL30, 963-8.

Sweet, Jessie M. 1972. ‘Instructions to collectors: John Walker (1793) and Robert Jameson (1817); with biographical notes on James Anderson (LL.D.) and James Anderson (M.D.)’, AS29, 397-414.

T. 1830c. ‘A Geological Survey of the Yorkshire Coast … [review]’, MNH3, 423-6. 

Taylor, Michael A. 1992. ‘Taxonomy and taphonomy of Rhomaleosaurus zetlandicus (Plesiosauria, Reptilia) from the Toarcian (Lower Jurassic)’, PYGS49(1), 49-55.

Taylor, Michael A.    1994. ‘The plesiosaur’s birthplace: the Bristol Institution and its contribution to vertebrate palaeontology’, Zool. J. Linn. Soc.112, 179-96.

Taylor, Michael A.    1997. ‘Before the dinosaur: the historical significance of the fossil marine reptiles’, in Callaway, J.M. and Nicholls, E.L. (eds), Ancient Marine Reptiles, Academic, London, xix-xlvi.

Taylor, Michael A.    (in press). ‘Thomas Hawkins’, DNB.

Taylor, Michael A. and Torrens, Hugh S. 1987. ‘Saleswoman to a new science: Mary Anning and the fossil fish Squaloraja from the Lias of Lyme Regis’, Proc. Dorset Nat. Hist. and Arch. Soc.108, 135-48.

Taylor, Michael A. and Torrens, Hugh S. 1995. ‘Fossils by the sea’, Natural History104(10), 66-71.

Taylor, Richard Cowling. 1822. ‘Fossil bones on the coast of East Norfolk’, PM60, 132-5.

Taylor, Richard Cowling.    1829. ‘An attempt to form a table of the geological arrangement of British fossil shells’, MNH2, 26-41.

Taylor, Richard Cowling.    1830. ‘Introduction to geology’, MNH3, 62-78.

Taylor, R.V. 1865. Biographica Leodiensis: Leeds Worthies, Simpkin, Marshall, London.

Thackray, Arnold. 1974. ‘Natural knowledge in cultural context: the Manchester model’, Amer. Hist. Rev.79, 672-709.

Thackray, Arnold.    1990. ‘History of science’, in Durbin, Paul T. (ed.), A Guide to the Culture of Science, Technology, and Medicine,  Free Press, New York.

Thackray, John C. 1979. ‘T.T. Lewis and Murchison’s Silurian System’, Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists Field Club42, 186-93.

Theakston, S.W. 1859. Theakston’s Handbook for Visitors in Scarborough, Theakston, Scarborough.

Thomas, Nicholas. 1991. Entangled Objects: Exchange, Material Culture, and Colonialism in the Pacific, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Thomas, Nicholas.    1994. ‘Licensed curiosity: Cook’s Pacific voyages’, in Elsner, John and Cardinal, Roger (eds), The Cultures of Collecting, Reaktion, London, 116-36.

Thompson, Francis M.L. 1963. English Landed Society in the Nineteenth Century, Routledge, London.

[Thomson, Thomas]. 1830. ‘Transactions of the Geological Society [progress of geological science]’, Edinburgh Review52, 43-72.

Tikhomirov, V.V. 1969. The development of the geological sciences in the USSR from ancient times to the middle of the nineteenth century, in Schneer, op. cit., 357-85.

Torrens, Hugh S. 1974. ‘Lichfield museums (pre 1850)’, NGCG1, 5-10, 38‑9.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1975. ‘Geological collections and collectors of note: the Bath geological collections’, NGCG1, 88-124.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1979. ‘Collections and collectors of note: Colonel Birch (c.1768-1829)’, NGCG2, 405-12.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1982. ‘The Reynolds-Anstice Shropshire geology collection 1776-1981’, ANH10, 429-41.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1983. ‘Arthur Aikin’s mineralogical survey of Shropshire 1796-1816’, BJHS16, 111-53.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1990a. ‘The four Bath philosophical societies, 1779-1959’, in Rolls, R., Guy, J. and Guy, J.R. (eds), A Pox on the Provinces, Bath University, 181-8.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1990b. ‘The transmission of ideas on the use of fossils in stratigraphic analysis from England to America, 1800-1840’, Earth Sci. Hist.9, 108‑17.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1990c. ‘The scientific ancestry and historiography of the Silurian System’, J. Geol. Soc. Lond.147, 657-62.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1993. ‘The dinosaurs and dinomania over 150 years’, Modern Geology18, 257-86.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1994. ‘Patronage and problems: Banks and the earth sciences’, in Banks, R.E.R. et al. (eds), Sir Joseph Banks: a Global Perspective, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 49-75.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1995. ‘Mary Anning (1799-1847) of Lyme; “the greatest fossilist the world ever knew”’, BJHS28, 257-84.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1996a. ‘Mineral engineer John Williams of  Kerry (1732-95): his work in Britain and his mineral surveys in the Veneto and North Italy’, Montgomeryshire Collections84, 67-102.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1996b. ‘An inspiring interface: geology and its connections with archaeology in Britain: 1780-1850’, Trans. Proc. Torquay Nat. Hist. Soc.22, 9-46.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1997. ‘Geological communication around the Bath area in the last half of the eighteenth century’, in Jordanova and Porter, op. cit., 217-46. 

Torrens, Hugh S.    1998a. ‘Geology in peace time: An English visit to study German mineralogy and geology (and visit Goethe, Werner and Raumer) in 1816’, in Fritscher,  Bernhard and Henderson, Fergus, (eds), Towards a History of Mineralogy, Petrology, and Geochemistry, Instut für Geschichte der Naturwissenshaften, Munich, 147-75.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1998b. ‘Geology and the natural sciences: some contributions to archaeology in Britain 1780-1850’, in Brand, Vanessa (ed.), The Study of the Past in the Victorian Age, Oxbow Monograph 73, Oxford.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1998c. ‘Le “nouvel art de prospection miniere” de William Smith et le “project de houillère de Brewham: un essai malencontreux de recherche de charbon dans le sud-ouest de L’Angleterre retre 1803 et 1810’, De la Géologie à son Histoire, CTHS, 101-118.

Torrens, Hugh S.    1999. ‘William Edmond Logan’s geological apprenticeship in Britain 1831-1842’, Geoscience Canada26, 02/09/2197-110.

Torrens, Hugh S. and Cooper, John A. 1986. ‘George Fleming Richardson (1796-1848) – man of letters, lecturer and geological curator’, Geological Curator4, 249-72.

Torrens, Hugh S. and Getty, Theo A. 1984. ‘Louis Hunton (1814-1838) – English pioneer in ammonite biostratigraphy’, Earth Sci. Hist.3, 58-68.

Torrens, Hugh S. and Taylor, Michael A. 1990. ‘Geological collectors and museums in Cheltenham 1810-1988: a case history and its lessons’, Geological Curator5(5), 175-213.

Townsend, Joseph. 1813. The Character of Moses Established for Veracity as an Historian, Recording Events from the Creation of the Deluge, Gye, Bath and Longman, London.

Tredgold, Thomas. 1818. ‘Remarks on the geological principles of Werner, and those of Mr Smith’, PM51, 36-8.

Treneer, Anne. 1963. The Mercurial Chemist: A Life of Sir Humphrey Davy, Methuen, London.

Tunnicliffe, Stephen P. 1982. ‘On the nature of Koleoceras Portlock, 1843’, Rep. Inst. Geol. Sci., 82(1), 64-5.

Turner, Frank Miller. 1974. Between Science and Religion: The Reaction of Scientific Naturalism in Late Victorian England, Yale University Press, New Haven.

Turner, Frank Miller.    1993. Contesting Cultural Authority, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Turner, Stephen P. 1990. ‘Forms of patronage’, in Cozzens, Susan E. and Gieryn, Thomas F. (eds), Theories of Science in Society, Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 185-211.

Valenciennes, A. 1839. ‘Observations upon the fossil jaws from the Oolitic beds at Stonesfield, named Didelphis Prevostii and Did. Bucklandi’, MNH (new series), 3, 49-57.

Vernon, William Vernon. 1830. ‘Further examination of the deposit of fossil bones at North Cliff in the county of York’, PM (2nd series 2), 7, 1-9.

Vernon, William Vernon, Salmond. William, and Phillips, John. 1829. ‘On the discovery of fossil bones in a marl-pit near North Cliff’, PM (2nd series), 6, 225-232.

Versey, H.C. 1975. ‘History of Yorkshire geology’, PYGS40, 335-52.

Vincent, David. 1981. Bread, Knowledge and Freedom: A Study of Nineteenth-Century Working Class Autobiography, Europa, London.

Walford, Edward. 1875. The County Families of the United Kingdom, Hardwicke, London.

Walker, John W. 1888. The History of the Old Parish Church of All Saints, Wakefield now the Cathedral Church, Milnes, Wakefield.

Walker, John W.    1939. Wakefield, its History and People, Volume 1, 2nd edition, privately printed, Wakefield. 

Ward, John T. 1967. East Yorkshire Landed Estates in the Nineteenth Century, East Yorks Local History Society, No. 23, Beverley.

Ward, L.F. 1885. Sketch of Palaeobotany, extracts from the 5th Annual Report of the Director, US Geological Survey, Washington.

Watson, Robert S. 1897. The History of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Newcastle-upon-Tyne (1793-1896), Walter Scott, London.

Webster, Thomas. 1814. ‘On the freshwater formations of the Isle of Wight, with some observations on the strata over the Chalk in the south-east part of England’, TGS2, 161-254.

Weindling, Paul Julian. 1980. ‘Science and sedition : how effective were the acts licensing lectures and meetings 1795-1819’, BJHS13, 139-53.

Weindling, Paul Julian.    1983. ‘The British Mineralogical Society: a case study in science and social improvement’, in Inkster and Morrell, (eds), op. cit., 120-50.

Weindling, Paul Julian.    1997. ‘Geological controversy and its historiography: the prehistory of the Geological Society of London’, in Jordanova and Porter, op. cit., 247-68.

Weiner, Annette B. 1985. ‘Inalienable wealth’, American Ethnologist, 12, 210-27.

Wheeler, Michael. 1990. Death and the Future Life in Victorian Literature and Theology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

White, Alan. 1988. ‘Class, culture and control: the Sheffield Athenaeum movement and the middle class 1847-64’, in Wolff and Seed, (eds), op. cit., 83-115.

Whittaker, Meredith. 1984. The Book of Scarborough Spaw, Barracuda, Buckinghamshire.

Williamson, William Crawford. 1837, ‘On the distribution of fossil remains on the Yorkshrie coast, from the Lower Lias to the Bath Oolite inclusive’, TGS, 5, 223-42. 

Williamson, William Crawford.    1885. ‘Biographical notices of eminent Yorkshire geologists III: John Williamson’, Proc. Yorkshire Geological and Polytechnic Society8, 295-313.

Williamson, William Crawford.    1896. Reminiscences of a Yorkshire Naturalist, facsimile edition (1985), J.Watson and B.A. Thomas, University of Manchester.

Wilson, Harold E. 1985. Down to Earth: One Hundred and Fifty Years of the British Geological Survey, Scottish Academic, Edinburgh.

Wilson, Richard G. 1971. Gentlemen Merchants: The Merchant Community in Leeds 1700-1830, Manchester University Press, Manchester.

Winch, Nathaniel J. 1821. ‘Observations on the eastern part of Yorkshire’, TGS5, 545-57.

Witham, Henry. 1839. ‘On the vegetation of the first period of the ancient world, that is from the first deposit of the Transition Series to the top of the Coalfield’, PM7, 23-71.

Wolff, Janet. 1988. ‘The culture of separate spheres: the role of culture in nineteenth-century public and private life’, in Wolff and Seed, (eds), op. cit., 117-34.

Wolff, Janet and Seed, John (eds). 1988. The Culture of Capital: Art, Power and the Nineteenth-century Middle Class, Manchester University Press, Manchester.

Woods, Robert. 1992. The Population of Britain in the Nineteenth Century, Macmillan, Basingstoke.

Woodward, Henry B. 1885. ‘Robert Alfred Cloyne Godwin-Austen’, Geol. Mag. (Decade 3), 2(1), 1-10.

Woodward, Henry B.    1893. ‘Edward Charlesworth, F.G.S.’, Geological Magazine (Decade 3), 10, 526-528.

Woodward, Henry B.    1907. The History of the Geological Society of London, Geological Society, London.

Wyatt, John. 1995. Wordsworth and the Geologists, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Yeo, Richard R. 1983. ‘An idol of the market place: Baconianism in nineteenth century Britain’,  HS21, 251-298.

Yeo, Richard R.    1986. ‘Scientific method and the rhetoric of science in Britain, 1830-1917’, in Schuster, J.A. and Yeo, R.R., (eds), The Politics and Rhetoric of Scientific Method: Historical Studies, D. Reidel, Dortrecht, 259-97.

Young, George. 1817. History of Whitby and Streoneshalh Abbey, 2 Volumes, Clark and Medd, Whitby.

Young, George.    1820. ‘Account of a singular fossil skeleton: discovered at Whitby in February 1819’, Mem. Wernerian Natural History Soc.3, 450-57.

Young, George.    1825. ‘Account of a fossil crocodile recently discovered in the Alum Shale near Whitby’, Edinburgh Philosophical Journal13, 76-81.

Young, George and Bird, John. 1822. A Geological Survey of the Yorkshire Coast, Clark, Whitby.

Young, George and Bird, John.    1828. A Geological Survey of the Yorkshire Coast, 2nd edition, Clark, Whitby.

Zittel, Karl A. von. 1901. History of Geology and Palaeontology, (trans. M.M. Ogilvie Gordon), Walter Scott, London.

From: Simon J. Knell. The Culture of English Geology, 1815-1851: A Science Revealed Through Its Collecting (Aldershot/Burlington USA/Singapore/Sydney: Ashgate Publishing, 2000).